Brain injury can occur in two ways:
from external events, such as a head trauma resulting from a severe blow, combat, accident, physical altercation or
from internal events, such as cerebral vascular accident, strokes or brain tumors.
More than one million people who sustain head injuries each year are between the ages of 15 and 28 years of age. More than 200,000 people under the age of 65 have a stroke each year. Many acquire hidden disabilities and decreased abilities not easily understood by others.
The consequences of brain injury are many and complex. The structures of the brain and their role in thinking and doing (e.g. memory and speaking) may be the most complex puzzle in science. For our educational purposes understanding how the brain functions differently after injury has much greater importance than knowing the cause or type of the injury.
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